What is Information Technology? | SNHU


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Man working as IT manager standing in a server room working on a laptop and the text The Meaning of IT.

From examining email on our phones to crunching figures on our laptops to arranging a teleconference above cloud-centered computer software, it is really hard to overstate the great importance of information and facts technologies in the office. But what, particularly, are we talking about when we chat about IT

Information Technology Definition

The phrase “information technology” goes back to a 1958 posting printed in the Harvard Company Evaluate. Authors Harold J. Leavitt and Thomas L. Whisler described quite a few sorts of information technological know-how:

  • Procedures for the rapid processing of information
  • The use of statistical and mathematical versions for determination-creating
  • The “simulation of increased-buy imagining by means of laptop applications.”

“While many areas of this technology are unsure, it seems obvious that it will go into the managerial scene promptly, with definite and considerably-reaching impression on managerial group,” they wrote.

6 decades later on, it’s clear that Leavitt and Whisler were being onto something huge. Right now, data technological innovation refers to every thing that organizations use personal computers for. Information and facts technologies is constructing communications networks for a firm, safeguarding information and facts, building and administering databases, aiding staff members troubleshoot troubles with their desktops or mobile units, or doing a vary of other operate to guarantee the effectiveness and protection of business information and facts devices.

Facts Engineering Examples

When it will come to vocation paths in IT, illustrations operate from small consulting companies to enormous multinational firms, and from highly technical specialties to management ladders that desire powerful persons techniques. Below are some illustrations of routes you may opt for:

  • Laptop Assistance Expert – These positions call for a bachelor’s degree and are a very good match if you delight in answering concerns about computer application and components, environment up tools, and education laptop customers. People today in this situation will need to have a potent grasp of many varieties of program, which include databases interface courses, growth of surroundings resources and functioning method software package. The median once-a-year shell out for this work is $57,910 in 2021, and positions in this area are developing at a 9% progress rate by way of 2030, in accordance to BLS.
  • Community and Personal computer Units Administrator – This occupation generally necessitates a bachelor’s degree in a laptop or computer-associated discipline, even though some companies may possibly only request for an associate degree in IT or postsecondary certification. Possibly way, these work are usually available to experts with out prior operate experience in the field, and BLS studies that they paid a median salary of $80,600 in 2021 with a 5% job advancement as a result of 2030. Every day tasks in this job could consist of preserving computer network hardware and software, backing up knowledge and troubleshooting network difficulties. To do this perform, you want to know how to use database administration software package, as nicely as network monitoring and net system improvement applications.
  • Pc Network Architect – This is a phase up the vocation ladder for a community administrator and normally requires a bachelor’s degree and prior encounter in the IT discipline. Persons in this position layout and create networks, these as intranets, community space networks (LANs) and large area networks (WANs). Median spend for this type of get the job done was $120,520 in 2021 with a 5% career expansion by way of 2030, in accordance to the BLS. Network architects normally need to realize a range of software package units, such as administration tools, enhancement atmosphere software package and functioning procedure applications. There’s also generally an element of human touch to this occupation because community architects may perhaps have to have to perform with clients and revenue and advertising staff to fulfill purchaser wants and make certain accounts are set up the right way.
  • Databases Administrator – This speedy-growing discipline requires protection and safety of information these types of as fiscal information and facts and purchaser shipping and delivery records. The work opportunities are often in specialised firms that deliver expert services to other organizations, or in knowledge-large industries like insurance coverage. The median spend for this get the job done was $98,860 in 2020 with an 8% job expansion via 2030, in accordance to BLS. Most employers assume candidates for the careers to have a bachelor’s degree in an details- or laptop-associated willpower. It is also handy to fully grasp database administration software program, as effectively as functioning program instruments, enhancement natural environment and internet system program, and tools for company useful resource preparing.
  • Laptop or computer Units Analyst – This occupation, also identified as technique architect, needs an comprehending of both equally IT and business units. As with many details technologies professions, the regular background for the job is a bachelor’s diploma in a computer or data science area, but some folks arrive to this function immediately after researching business enterprise or even liberal arts. Robust pc competencies, generally including programming applications, database management computer software and growth surroundings software program are a have to. At the identical time, people accomplishing this work should be ready to apply pc systems to handle company administration concerns like workflow, inventory regulate and production procedures. As far more corporations transfer into cloud computing, function in this region will develop. The median pay for the occupation was $99,270 in 2021, according to BLS.
  • Facts Stability Analyst – This is 1 of the speediest-developing employment in IT, with an predicted 33% enhance by 2030, in accordance to BLS. Specialists in these positions defend enterprise networks and techniques from cyber attacks. These work usually involve a bachelor’s diploma with a computer system-linked main, moreover some encounter in the IT discipline. Professionals in this subject have to have to use growth atmosphere instruments, as effectively as network monitoring and operating software and precise protection instruments. The median wage in this occupation was $102,600 in 2021, in accordance to BLS.

It’s apparent from this listing that positions in IT characterize substantial-spending, rapid-rising profession paths. It is also crystal clear that the to start with action toward several of them is earning a bachelor’s degree. Inside the bigger instruction context, a computer science degree is mostly targeted on programming and program growth, whilst facts technological know-how is the analyze of personal computer units and networks as they relate to the operation of a organization. Possibly can be the basis for a great career in the subject.

Some college students might also choose to focus in certain laptop or computer-related places like a cyber safety degree or proceed their schooling with a master’s degree in IT in a relevant industry.

No matter of your certain route, the world of chances in IT that Leavitt and Whisler observed rising back again in 1958 is nonetheless growing these days, with no conclusion in sight.

Find extra about SNHU’s bachelor’s in data engineering: Discover out what programs you’ll acquire, abilities you are going to learn and how to request information about the software.

Livia Gershon is a freelance author targeted on training and health care.

By lita